Selected Vietnamese Lessons

Lesson 4: How to say days, months and dates in Vietnamese

1. Say about days and months

Before learning how to ask about the date in Vietnamese, we will learn to how to say days and months first.

Unlike English or other languages, numbers are used to indicate days in a week and months in a year in Vietnamese.

* Days in week: The combination of “Thứ” with numbers starting from 2 to 7 will create the days in a week. However, there is no certain structure for saying “Sunday” in Vietnamese. We have the list of days as below:

Lesson 3: How to say numbers and time in Vietnamese

1. Numbers (0 – 99)

0: Không; 1: Một; 2: Hai; 3: Ba; 4: Bốn; 5: Năm; 6: Sáu; 7: Bảy; 8: Tám; 9: Chín; 10: Mười

a/ To pronounce 20, 30, 40…90: just combine first numbers with “Mươi”
=> 20: Hai mươi; 30: Ba mươi; 40: Bốn mươi…90: Chín mươi

b/ To pronounce from 11 – 19: just combine “mười” with last numbers
=> 11: Mười một; 12: Mười hai; 13: Mười ba; 14: Mười bốn; 15: Mười lăm; 16: Mười sáu…; 19: Mười chín


Lesson 2: Subject and Predicate in Vietnamese sentences

At lesson 1, we already had a look at the very basic sentence structure in Vietnamese which is in detail as below:
Subject + V + Object
In this lesson, we will focus on the broader form of the above structure as follows:
Subject + Predicate
That can help us know how to make a correct and meaningful Vietnamese simple sentence.

Lesson 1: Basic sentence structure and the present tense in Vietnamese


This lesson will firstly introduce the very basic sentence structure in Vietnamese. It then will provide detailed instructions on the formation of sentences in the present tense under affirmative, negative and interrogative forms.

1. Present simple tense
Below is the very basic sentence structure in Vietnamese which expresses the idea that an action or event is happened routinely or habitually.

Structure: Subject (S) + Verb (V) + Object (O)