Selected Vietnamese Lessons

Lesson 12: Vietnamese nouns

So we have learned in the overview about Vietnamese grammar that it has the same Subject + Verb + Object (SVO) sentence structure as English. If you haven’t gone through that lesson, it’s highly recommended you read it before proceeding with this lesson because you can find there the big picture of Vietnamese Grammar as well as the most important differences from English.

The grammar of Vietnamese nouns is plain and simple. There is no singular and plural form: pen in two pen has the same form as pen in one pen: no adding of suffix –s whatsoever.

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Lesson 11: Vietnamese conjunctions and negations

We’ve gone through lessons on Vietnamese nouns, Adjectives then Verbs and Adverbs. Those are the most fundamental building blocks of any sentence. In this last lesson of our express course on Vietnamese Grammar, we’ll learn negation and conjunctions.

Negation
The way we Vietnamese saying no is also very similar to the English way. The equivalent of not is không in Vietnamese. To be specific, let’s consider the following example in which a verb is negated.

Verb negation:

Lesson 10: Vietnamese Adverbs

This lesson introduces you to the most common usages of Vietnamese adverbs. As their primary role is to modify verbs and adjectives, this lesson on adverbs builds upon the knowledge of Vietnamese verbs and adjectives presented in previous lessons. It helps a lot if you read this lesson only after going through those lessons.

Position of Vietnamese adverbs
We’ll begin with 2 examples to demonstrate that the use of adverbs in Vietnamese is very similar to its English use.

Example:

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Lesson 9: Vietnamese adjectives

In this lesson, we’re going to learn about the usage of adjectives in Vietnamese. As the primary role of adjectives is to modify nouns, it’s quite important that you have finished the lesson on nouns before this lesson.

Position of Vietnamese Adjectives
If you can still recall from the lesson on Vietnamese sentence structure, you have learned that adjectives are put after the nouns they modify. For instance, I bought this interesting book yesterday is translated into I bought book interesting this yesterday.

Example:

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Lesson 8: Say day of the week in Vietnamese

Saying Day in Vietnamese
The Vietnamese word for day is ngày.

The very good news about learning how to say day of the week in Vietnamese is that, assuming you have gone through the lesson on how to say Vietnamese numbers, you have already known it!

As a recap, we have learned in that lesson on numbers that to say an ordinal number (1st, second, third, etc.), we simply add the word thứ in front of the number, with the exception of 1st being: thứ nhất.

Now, to say a day of the week in Vietnamese, we also use the same word thứ in front of a number!

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Lesson 7: Vietnamese Phrases and Common Sentences

This lesson contains a table including the following: Vietnamese phrases, expressions and words in Vietnamese, conversation and idioms, Vietnamese greetings, and survival phrases. It also helps if you simply want to know what to say when chatting in Vietnamese!

Most of the sentences below are used for everyday life conversations, so they might come handy if you memorize them.

GREETINGS

Lesson 6: Comparison in Vietnamese

This lesson will help you to make comparison in Vietnamese. Unlike In English, regardless the length of the adjectives/adverbs used, their forms are always kept unchanged and comparative words are pre or post added when making comparison.

1. Equality/So sánh bằng

Structure:

(+) S + V + adj/adv + như/bằng+ N/pronoun
(-) S + V + không + adj/adv + như/bằng + N/Pronoun
(?) S + có + V + adj/adv + như/bằng + N/Pronoun + không?

Example:

+ Cô ấy nói nhiều như tôi.

She is as talkative as I/me

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Lesson 5: Questions similar WH questions

In this lesson, we will focus on the way of making questions similar to WH questions in English by clarifying their positions in the sentences.

1. Who/Ai
“Ai” which is the word similar as “who” is used to ask about person acting as a subject in Vietnamese. To make a question, “ai/who” often stands at the beginning of the sentence.

Structure: Ai/ who + V + O?

Example:

a. Ai là thủ tướng của Việt Nam?
Who is Vietnam’s prime minister?

b. Ai đã giúp bạn khi bạn gặp khó khăn?
Who helped you when you had difficulty?