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Vietnamese alphabet and pronunciation (tiếng việt / 㗂越)

Vietnamese is an Austroasiatic language spoken by about 82 million people mainly in Vietnam. There are also Vietnamese speakers in the USA, China, Cambodia, France, Australia, Laos, Canada and a number of other countries. Vietnamese has been the official language of Vietnam since the country gained independence from France in 1954.

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Basic sentence structure and the present tense in Vietnamese

Introduction

This lesson will firstly introduce the very basic sentence structure in Vietnamese. It then will provide detailed instructions on the formation of sentences in the present tense under affirmative, negative and interrogative forms.

1. Present simple tense
Below is the very basic sentence structure in Vietnamese which expresses the idea that an action or event is happened routinely or habitually.

Structure: Subject (S) + Verb (V) + Object (O)

Example:

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Taxi

Welcome to lesson 4: Taxi
Get a taxi to the hotel.
The Vietnamese word “taxi” is the same English
Oh, Vietnamese word “taxi” is “taxi”?
Very easy to remember. Let me try to ask “where are the taxis?”
Taxi ở đâu?
Taxi ở kia
Cảm ơn!
Oh, you learn very fast. You are speaking Vietnames very great.
Of couse, you know the girl said “taxis are over there”
Yes, I used “ở đâu” to ask “where is” and she answered “ở kia” for “over there”
Come on, let’s go
Taxi
Xin chào, các bạn đi đâu?

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Hotel checking in

My name’s Cathy,
Welcome to lesson 5: Hotel checking in
Ok Tony, this is hotel. Many businessmen come to Vietnam are staying here
Oh this hotel is very nice. Who booked it?
Tôi đã đặt.
Đặt means “book”
Tôi đã đặt means “I booked it”
Put “đã” before the verb to talk an action in the past. “Đã đặt” means “booked”
Xin chào
Xin chào
Tôi đã đặt phòng
Vâng, bạn tên gì?
Tôi tên Cathy
Vâng
I told to receptionist I booked rooms.

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